Marital Debt and Divorce
Many divorcing couples spend a good amount of time arguing over marital debt. Indeed, oftentimes marital debt proves to be the underlying reason a couple seeks to divorce in the first instance. A person interested in ending a marriage must have a basic understanding of matters associated with marital debt.
Definition of Marital Debt
Marital debt is defined as financial liabilities accumulated during the course of a marriage. Common examples of marital debt include a home mortgage, loan on an automobile and credit card account balances. Legally, both spouses are presumed responsible for debt acquired during a marriage.
Disposition of Marital Debt
Pennsylvania divorce cases utilize the equitable division standard when it comes to resolving issues surrounding marital debt. The equitable division standard requires a divisions of debt accumulated between the marriage in a fair and just manner between divorcing spouses. In some cases, this can result in an equal division of marital debt. However, an equal division is not always a fair and equitable one under the facts and circumstances of a particular case.
Definition of Separate Debt
Unlike marital debt, separate debt is not acquired or accumulated during the course of a marriage, in most cases. Typically, separate debt is a financial liability one of the spouses brings into the marriage. It preexists the marriage. In some isolated cases, a court might determine that a specific debt acquired during a marriage is to be treated as a separate liability. For example, if one of the spouses borrowed money without the other having any knowledge, the unknowing spouse is not likely to be penalized in divorce court with an order requiring that individual to bear responsibility for that debt. Doing so would not be just or equitable.
Disposition of Separate Debt
Debt obtained outside the marriage, most likely preexisting debt, will be set aside to the spouse that incurred the liability. Keep in mind that because the divorce court does not hold a spouse responsible for separate debt does not in turn relieve that individual of liability to the creditor. That is a separate and distinct issue.
Properly Disclosing Debt
The parties to a divorce have a legal obligation to fully disclose debts, typically at the commencement of the proceedings. The failure to accurately disclose debts can result in significant penalties being imposed by the court.